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Carbon

Talking about carbon, one automatically thinks of carbon nanotubes and fullerenes. But there is much more to this broad subject area. Advances in graphene research, templating methods, and the emergence of nanodiamonds make this field a rich area of research.

The variety of recent breakthroughs indicates that carbon, in all its variations, is the material of the early 21st century. The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to A. Geim and K. S. Novoselov for their work on graphene. Don't miss the hottest results and newest trends—you'll find the latest carbon research articles on this page.

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Recent Articles

Are [6+4] Cycloadditions onto Graphene Possible?

Are [6+4] Cycloadditions onto Graphene Possible?

Theoretical calculations show that higher order cycloaddition reactions are possible onto doped graphene, graphene oxide, armchair edges and single sided hydrogenated/fluorinated graphene. In particular we found that the [6+4] cycloaddition of tropone is possible on the aforementioned graphene derivatives.

[Communication]
Pablo A. Denis
ChemistrySelect, October 18, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/slct.201702191 Read article

One-Pot Green Synthesis of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Quantum Dots for Cell Nucleus Labeling and Copper(II) Detection

One‐Pot Green Synthesis of Nitrogen‐Doped Carbon Quantum Dots for Cell Nucleus Labeling and Copper(II) Detection

Delivering doped dots to nuclei: A new method for the synthesis of nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) through a mild one-pot hydrothermal process is reported (see figure). The N-CQDs could penetrate into the HeLa cell nucleus without any further functionalization. Moreover, the fluorescence of N-CQDs could be selectively quenched by Cu2+, which suggested applications for the detection of Cu2+ in human plasma.

[Full Paper]
Jiliang Ci, Ye Tian, Shigenori Kuga, Zhongwei Niu, Min Wu, Yong Huang
Chem. Asian J., October 18, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/asia.201700880 Read article

Self-Assembled Porous NiFe2O4 Floral Microspheres Inlaid on Ultrathin Flake Graphite as Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries

Self‐Assembled Porous NiFe2O4 Floral Microspheres Inlaid on Ultrathin Flake Graphite as Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries

Graphite flakes out: A simple and environmentally friendly hydrothermal method is used to synthesize anode materials composed of NiFe2O4 (NFO) and ultrathin flake graphite (UFG). The optimized NFO/UFG-2 composite shows a stable long-term cycling performance with a high initial Coulombic efficiency of 83.4 % and a high specific capacity of 963.4 mAh g−1 after 300 cycles at a current density of 200 mA g−1.

[Article]
Lina Qu, Xianhua Hou, Xiyan Huang, Qian Liang, Qiang Ru, Bo Wu, Kwok-ho Lam
ChemElectroChem, October 17, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201700862 Read article

Bioinspired Heterogeneous Structural Color Stripes from Capillaries

Bioinspired Heterogeneous Structural Color Stripes from Capillaries

Bioinspired structural color stripes with tailorable width, spacing, color, and even combination of the colored patterns are generated by assembling colloidal nanoparticles in capillaries. With the integration of a graphene hydrogel, the materials are endowed with NIR-light-controlled reversible bending behavior with self-reporting color indication, which also show a great potential anti-counterfeiting application as NIR-light-triggered dynamic barcode labels.

[Communication]
Ze Zhao, Huan Wang, Luoran Shang, Yunru Yu, Fanfan Fu, Yuanjin Zhao, Zhongze Gu
Adv. Mater., October 17, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201704569 Read article

Plasmon-Exciton Coupling Interaction for Surface Catalytic Reactions

Plasmon‐Exciton Coupling Interaction for Surface Catalytic Reactions

We reveal the physical principle of plasmon-exciton coupling interaction with steady absorption spectroscopy, and ultrafast transition absorption spectroscopy, based on the pump-prop technology. Secondly, we introduce the fabrication of electro-optical device of two-dimensional semiconductor-nanostructure noble metals hybrid, based on the plasmon-exciton coupling interactions. Thirdly, we introduce the applications of plasmon-exciton coupling interaction in the field of surface catalytic reactions.

[Personal Account]
Jingang Wang, Weihua Lin, Xuefeng Xu, Fengcai Ma, Mengtao Sun
Chem. Rec., October 16, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201700053 Read article

Graphene-Based Linear Tandem Micro-Supercapacitors with Metal-Free Current Collectors and High-Voltage Output

Graphene‐Based Linear Tandem Micro‐Supercapacitors with Metal‐Free Current Collectors and High‐Voltage Output

A universal printing technology is demonstrated to fabricate graphene-based linear tandem micro-supercapacitors, with tailored planar device geometry and metal-free current collectors and interconnects, on different substrates. The fabricated devices show high-voltage output, remarkable flexibility, and outstanding electrochemical performance due to the advanced device geometry and high-performance 2D nanosheets.

[Communication]
Xiaoyu Shi, Zhong-Shuai Wu, Jieqiong Qin, Shuanghao Zheng, Sen Wang, Feng Zhou, Chenglin Sun, Xinhe Bao
Adv. Mater., October 13, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201703034 Read article

Sandwich-Type Nanocomposite of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Periodic Mesoporous Silica with Vertically Aligned Mesochannels of Tunable Pore Depth and Size

Sandwich‐Type Nanocomposite of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Periodic Mesoporous Silica with Vertically Aligned Mesochannels of Tunable Pore Depth and Size

Vertically aligned mesochannel depth and size of sandwich-type nanocomposites of reduced graphene oxide (GO) and periodic mesoporus silica can be tailored by tuning synthesis conditions and alkyl chain length of CnTA+ templates, whose formation mode is examined by the high photon flux SAXS technique and zeta-potential-based solution chemistry of surfactant and GO mixtures.

[Full Paper]
Zheng-Ming Wang, Wenqin Peng, Yoshiko Takenaka, Noriko Yoshizawa, Katsunori Kosuge, Wendong Wang, Geoffrey A. Ozin
Adv. Funct. Mater., October 12, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201704066 Read article

Fatigue-Resistant Bioinspired Graphene-Based Nanocomposites

Fatigue‐Resistant Bioinspired Graphene‐Based Nanocomposites

Natural nacre provides an inspiration for constructing fatigue-resistant graphene-based nanocomposites by means of interfacial interactions crosslinking and building blocks toughening, which can impede the crack growth through crack deflection, crack bridging, and plastic deformation.

[Feature Article]
Sijie Wan, Qunfeng Cheng
Adv. Funct. Mater., October 11, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201703459 Read article

Rapid “Mix-and-Stir” Preparation of Well-Defined Palladium on Carbon Catalysts for Efficient Practical Use

Rapid “Mix‐and‐Stir” Preparation of Well‐Defined Palladium on Carbon Catalysts for Efficient Practical Use

DIY catalysts: Efficient Pd/Carbon catalysts are prepared using a simple experimental procedure based on the direct deposition of Pd0 species from a commercially available tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) complex. Application in cross-coupling and hydrogenation reactions and easy catalyst recycling are demonstrated.

[Full Paper]
Sergey A. Yakukhnov, Evgeniy O. Pentsak, Konstantin I. Galkin, Roman M. Mironenko, Vladimir A. Drozdov, Vladimir A. Likholobov, Valentine P. Ananikov
ChemCatChem, October 10, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700738 Read article

Graphene Foam Decorated with Ceria Microspheres as a Flexible Cathode for Foldable Lithium-Air Batteries

Graphene Foam Decorated with Ceria Microspheres as a Flexible Cathode for Foldable Lithium‐Air Batteries

Foam party: CeO2 microspheres on 3 D graphene foam are synthesized by an in situ hydrothermal process. The materials are studied as flexible cathodes for foldable lithium-air batteries and show stable discharge and charge platforms even at 80 cycles.

[Full Paper]
Yuexing Jiang, Junfang Cheng, Lu Zou, Xinyu Li, Yizhen Huang, Lichao Jia, Bo Chi, Jian Pu, Jian Li
ChemCatChem, October 09, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700942 Read article

High Durability and Performance of a Platinum Electrocatalyst Supported on Sulfonated Macromolecules Coated Carbon Nanotubes

High Durability and Performance of a Platinum Electrocatalyst Supported on Sulfonated Macromolecules Coated Carbon Nanotubes

Conducting shell for nanotubes: A platinum electrocatalyst fabricated from polyelectrolyte-coated carbon nanotubes shows high durability and excellent performance in polymer electrolyte fuel cells.

[Full Paper]
Zehui Yang, Jing Li, Quan Zhang, Ying Ling, Xinxin Yu, Weiwei Cai
ChemCatChem, October 02, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700796 Read article

Heteroatom-Doped Carbon Nanotube and Graphene-Based Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Heteroatom‐Doped Carbon Nanotube and Graphene‐Based Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/graphenes are unique one-dimensional/two-dimensional structures composed of sp2 hybridized carbon atoms and excellent physicochemical properties. Heteroatom-doped CNT/graphene-based catalysts show advantages of high-content active sites, good electron/ion transport capability, excellent durability, and low cost. These catalysts demonstrate attractive oxygen reduction reaction performance and therefore may find applications in metal–air batteries and fuel cells.

[Review]
Jin-Cheng Li, Peng-Xiang Hou, Chang Liu
Small, September 29, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201702002 Read article

Enabling Process Intensification by 3 D Printing of Catalytic Structures

Enabling Process Intensification by 3 D Printing of Catalytic Structures

Effective construction work: This study demonstrates 3 D printing methods for carbon-supported NiMo monolithic catalysts showing improved catalytic activity compared to pelleted catalysts. 2 D and 3 D visualization techniques reveal uniform dispersion of catalyst particles on the porous carbon and radial micro-cracks on the 3D printed monolith.

[Full Paper]
Muxina Konarova, Waqas Aslam, Lei Ge, Qing Ma, Fengqiu Tang, Victor Rudolph, Jorge Norberto Beltramini
ChemCatChem, September 25, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700829 Read article

Secondary Impact of Manganese on the Catalytic Properties of Nitrogen-Doped Graphene in the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Secondary Impact of Manganese on the Catalytic Properties of Nitrogen‐Doped Graphene in the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Man power: Manganese impurities in graphene are shown to improve the catalytic activity of nitrogen-doped graphene (NG) for the hydrogen evolution reaction in acid media by influencing the ratio of different nitrogen functionalities. The overpotential is improved by 122 mV by impregnating graphene with Mn. The enhanced catalytic performance is attributed to an increase in the number of active sites.

[Communication]
Maryam Bayati, Keith Scott
ChemCatChem, September 25, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700744 Read article

Flexible Broadband Graphene Photodetectors Enhanced by Plasmonic Cu3−xP Colloidal Nanocrystals

Flexible Broadband Graphene Photodetectors Enhanced by Plasmonic Cu3−xP Colloidal Nanocrystals

High-performance and broadband photodetectors based on the hybrid graphene-Cu3−xP nanocrystal structure are demonstrated. A flexible graphene-Cu3−xP photodetector on polyethylene naphthalate substrate capable of infrared (IR) light detection is realized and the photocurrent shows no obvious degradation even after 5000 times bending, indicating a very good flexibility. This work paves a new way for fabrication of broadband and flexible IR optoelectronic devices.

[Communication]
Tian Sun, Yongjie Wang, Wenzhi Yu, Yusheng Wang, Zhigao Dai, Zeke Liu, Bannur Nanjunda Shivananju, Yupeng Zhang, Kai Fu, Babar Shabbir, Wanli Ma, Shaojuan Li, Qiaoliang Bao
Small, September 22, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201701881 Read article

Superior Potassium Ion Storage via Vertical MoS2 “Nano-Rose” with Expanded Interlayers on Graphene

Superior Potassium Ion Storage via Vertical MoS2 “Nano‐Rose” with Expanded Interlayers on Graphene

The synthesis of MoS2 roses grown upward on reduced graphene oxide sheet (MoS2@rGO) is demonstrated via a two-step solvothermal route. By rational materials and structure design, the MoS2@rGO composite owns several fascinating characteristics for battery applications. When serving as the anode material for K-ion batteries (KIBs), the MoS2@rGO composite exhibits one of the best electrochemical performances for KIBs to date.

[Full Paper]
Keyu Xie, Kai Yuan, Xin Li, Wei Lu, Chao Shen, Chenglu Liang, Robert Vajtai, Pulickel Ajayan, Bingqing Wei
Small, September 22, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201701471 Read article

Graphene-Supported Pyrene-Modified Cobalt Corrole with Axial Triphenylphosphine for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution in pH 0–14 Aqueous Solutions

Graphene‐Supported Pyrene‐Modified Cobalt Corrole with Axial Triphenylphosphine for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution in pH 0–14 Aqueous Solutions

In the company of corroles: Graphene-supported cobalt corroles are active and stable catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction in water over a wide pH range of 0–14. The introduction of a pyrenyl group to the corrole macrocycle and the use of a triphenylphosphine axial ligand on Co improve the catalytic efficiency significantly.

[Full Paper]
Xialiang Li, Haitao Lei, Xiaojun Guo, Xueli Zhao, Shuping Ding, Xueqing Gao, Wei Zhang, Rui Cao
ChemSusChem, September 21, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201701196 Read article

Capillarity Composited Recycled Paper/Graphene Scaffold for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Enhanced Capacity and Extended Lifespan

Capillarity Composited Recycled Paper/Graphene Scaffold for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Enhanced Capacity and Extended Lifespan

Graphene oxide is composited with recycled paper via a capillary absorption method. After high-temperature annealing, graphene films are homogeneously coated on activated paper carbon (APC), forming an APC/graphene scaffold. The assembled lithium–APC/graphene/sulfur battery exhibits a lifespan of 620 cycles with a 60.5% capacity retention. An APC interlayer further stretches the battery's lifespan up to 1000 cycles.

[Full Paper]
Yunya Zhang, Zan Gao, Xiaodong Li
Small, September 20, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201701927 Read article

Reductive Functionalization of Graphenides With Nickel(II) Porphyrin Diazonium Compounds

Reductive Functionalization of Graphenides With Nickel(II) Porphyrin Diazonium Compounds

Two structurally different nickel(II) tetraphenylporphyrin diazonium compounds – meso-NiTPP-N2+ and β-NiTPP-N2+ - where utilized to build up covalently linked graphene-porphyrin hybrids via a reductive graphite intercalation/exfoliation approach. Due to the direct attachment of the N2 leaving group to the pyrrole ring which would lead to pronounced deformation of the covalently bound moiety, a basal plane addition of β-NiTPP-N2+ is highly unlikely.

[Rapid Research Letter]
Hui-Lei Hou, Daniela Dasler, Frank Hauke, Andreas Hirsch
Phys. Status Solidi RRL, September 20, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/pssr.201700306 Read article

Graphene Oxide (GO) as Stabilizer for Preparing Chirally Helical Polyacetylene/GO Hybrid Microspheres via Suspension Polymerization

Graphene Oxide (GO) as Stabilizer for Preparing Chirally Helical Polyacetylene/GO Hybrid Microspheres via Suspension Polymerization

A novel kind of chirally helical polyacetylene/graphene hybrid microspheres (MPs) is prepared by suspension polymerization using graphene oxide (GO) or alkynylated GO (M–GO) as a sole stabilizer. The strategy demonstrates advantages in efficiently providing clean hybrid MPs. The resulting MPs not only assume regularly spherical morphology in micron size, but also show intriguing optical activity.

[Communication]
Jun Li, Jinrui Deng, Weifei Li, Kai Pan, Jianping Deng
Macromol. Rapid Commun., September 15, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.201700452 Read article

Accessible 3D Integrative Paper Electrode Shapes: All-Carbon Dual-Ion Batteries with Optimum Packaging Performances

Accessible 3D Integrative Paper Electrode Shapes: All‐Carbon Dual‐Ion Batteries with Optimum Packaging Performances

Origami electrodes: A facile strategy of using carbon fiber paper (CFP) for packaging enhances the performance of dual-ion batteries. CFP provides a highly graphic layer for ion intercalation and amorphous carbon to buffer volume changes on its unique 3D structure. The integration of a current collector as one integrated electrode offers uniform conductivity and avoids material exfoliation and negative influence of binders.

[Article]
Xiaoyuan Shi, Ting Deng, Bingsen Zhang, Wei Zhang, Lu Sui, He Yang, Dong Wang, Wen Shi, Cheng-Meng Chen, Weitao Zheng
ChemElectroChem, September 13, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201700752 Read article

Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide for Forensic Electrochemistry: Detection of Cocaine and its Adulterants Paracetamol, Caffeine and Levamisole

Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide for Forensic Electrochemistry: Detection of Cocaine and its Adulterants Paracetamol, Caffeine and Levamisole

[Short Communication]
Diego P. Rocha, Rafael M. Dornellas, Edson Nossol, Eduardo M. Richter, Sidnei G. Silva, Mário H. P. Santana, Rodrigo A. A. Munoz
Electroanalysis, September 12, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/elan.201700437 Read article

Substrate Effects in Graphene-Based Electric Double-Layer Capacitors: The Pivotal Interplays between Ions and Solvents

Substrate Effects in Graphene‐Based Electric Double‐Layer Capacitors: The Pivotal Interplays between Ions and Solvents

Evaluation of substrate effects: The influences of substrate on interfacial structure and capacitive behavior of graphene-based supercapacitors are demonstrated with numerical simulation. A partial wetting transparency of graphene is observed. Unusually, an analogous capacitance is recognized, albeit with strikingly different electrolyte structures. The pivotal interplays between ions and solvents in mediating the capacitance are demonstrated, going beyond traditional views.

[Article]
Huachao Yang, Zheng Bo, Jinyuan Yang, Jing Kong, Xia Chen, Jianhua Yan, Kefa Cen
ChemElectroChem, September 04, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201700733 Read article

Boosting the Supercapacitance of Nitrogen-Doped Carbon by Tuning Surface Functionalities

Boosting the Supercapacitance of Nitrogen‐Doped Carbon by Tuning Surface Functionalities

Super booster! The specific capacitance of a porous N-doped carbon is boosted by orthogonal optimization of microstructure and surface chemistry. The evolution of the surface chemistry is carefully followed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and N2 sorption porosimetry, which reveals stepwise surface functionalization and simultaneous carbon etching during acid treatment.

[Full Paper]
Jasper Biemolt, Ilse M. Denekamp, Thierry K. Slot, Gadi Rothenberg, David Eisenberg
ChemSusChem, August 15, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201700902 Read article

Recent Progress in Application of Graphene Supported Metal Nanoparticles in C−C and C−X Coupling Reactions

Recent Progress in Application of Graphene Supported Metal Nanoparticles in C−C and C−X Coupling Reactions

The latest advances in the preparation of graphene supported metal nanoparticles and their application in the catalytic organic transformation of both carbon-carbon (C−C) and carbon-heteroatom (C−X) bonds.

[Personal Account]
Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh, Zahra Issaabadi, Mohammad Mostafa Tohidi, S. Mohammad Sajadi
Chem. Rec., July 26, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201700022 Read article

Characterization of OmcA Mutants from Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 to Investigate the Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning Electron Transfer Across the Microbe-Electrode Interface

[Original Research Paper]
S. E. Neto, D. Melo-Diogo, I. J. Correia, C. M. Paquete, R. O. Louro
Fuel Cells, July 25, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201700023 Read article

Two-Dimensional Layered Materials as Catalyst Supports

Two‐Dimensional Layered Materials as Catalyst Supports

Layers of support: The role of two-dimensional layered materials as catalyst supports with improved catalytic activity towards various chemical and electrochemical reactions has been reviewed. This review focuses on new techniques to improve the catalytic activity and stability of the nanomaterials by tuning the structural and electronic properties of the support.

[Focus Review]
Amit Kumar, Qiang Xu
ChemNanoMat, July 19, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/cnma.201700139 Read article

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