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Mesoporous Materials

Interest in mesoporous materials (IUPAC definition: pore size 2–50 nm) has developed dramatically over the last few years, not least because the pore structure of these materials provides an extremely large surface area within a relatively small volume of material. This makes the materials suitable, for example, for catalysis, chemical sensors, and molecular separation.

The following is a selection of recent articles in this field from Angewandte Chemie, Chemistry—A European Journal, Advanced Materials, Advanced Functional Materials, and the European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry.

Recent Articles

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High-Temperature Hydrogen Storage of Multiple Molecules: Theoretical Insights from Metalated Catechols

High‐Temperature Hydrogen Storage of Multiple Molecules: Theoretical Insights from Metalated Catechols

Density functional theory calculations are reported on a promising paradigm for adsorption of multiple hydrogen molecules to a single open metal site attached to a metal–organic framework linker via a catechol or thiocatechol. Some of these materials are predicted to have usable capacities close to the Department of Energy 2020 target of 40 gr L−1 marking them as important synthetic targets.

[Communication]
Ehud Tsivion, Srimukh Prasad Veccham, Martin Head-Gordon
ChemPhysChem, December 08, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201601215. Read article

Cadmium–BINOL Metal–Organic Framework for the Separation of Alcohol Isomers

Cadmium–BINOL Metal–Organic Framework for the Separation of Alcohol Isomers

Separation anxiety: The potential of Cd–1,1′-bi-2-naphthol as a molecular sieve in industrial processes, as a consequence of the differential adsorption of amyl alcohols based on its two-channel system and the microassembly of molecules inside the pore, is discussed (see figure). Different simulation techniques are compared for a balance between accuracy and computational resources.

[Full Paper]
Rocio Bueno-Perez, Patrick J. Merkling, Paula Gómez-Álvarez, Sofia Calero
Chem. Eur. J., December 08, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201604171. Read article

A Modulator-Induced Defect-Formation Strategy to Hierarchically Porous Metal–Organic Frameworks with High Stability

A Modulator‐Induced Defect‐Formation Strategy to Hierarchically Porous Metal–Organic Frameworks with High Stability

Cause and defect: Pore size enlargement and structural stability are two crucial targets but hardly achieved together in metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). A versatile modulator-induced defect-formation strategy has been developed to provide hierarchically porous MOFs (HP-MOFs) with high stability and tailorable pore characters, which are important porous platforms for large molecule-involved applications, especially in catalysis.

[Communication]
Guorui Cai, Hai-Long Jiang
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., December 08, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201610914. Read article

Novel Organic-Dehydration Membranes Prepared from Zirconium Metal-Organic Frameworks

Novel Organic‐Dehydration Membranes Prepared from Zirconium Metal‐Organic Frameworks

Novel membranes for pervaporation: Well-intergrown metal-organic framework UiO-66 membranes are developed on prestructured yttria-stabilized zirconia hollow fibers. The membranes provide excellent performance for purifying typical biofuels, biochemicals, and organics under harsh environments.

[Full Paper]
Xinlei Liu, Chenghong Wang, Bo Wang, Kang Li
Adv. Funct. Mater., December 08, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604311. Read article

Metal-Organic Framework as a Protective Coating for Biodiagnostic Chips

Metal‐Organic Framework as a Protective Coating for Biodiagnostic Chips

A zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) grown around antibodies anchored to plasmonic nanostructures serve as a protective layer to preserve the biorecognition ability of antibodies stored at room and elevated temperatures for several days. The biofunctionality of the ZIF-8 protected biochip can be restored by a simple water rinsing step, making it highly convenient for use in point-of-care and resource-limited settings.

[Communication]
Congzhou Wang, Sirimuvva Tadepalli, Jingyi Luan, Keng-Ku Liu, Jeremiah J. Morrissey, Evan D. Kharasch, Rajesh R. Naik, Srikanth Singamaneni
Adv. Mater., December 07, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201604433. Read article

Stimuli-Responsive DNA-Functionalized Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs)

Stimuli‐Responsive DNA‐Functionalized Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs)

The synthesis of nucleic acid-functionalized metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is described. The metal-organic frameworks are loaded with a dye being locked in the structures by means of stimuli-responsive nucleic acid caps. The pH and K+-ion-triggered release, and switchable release, are demonstrated.

[Communication]
Jason S. Kahn, Lina Freage, Natalie Enkin, Miguel Angel Aleman Garcia, Itamar Willner
Adv. Mater., December 06, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201602782. Read article

Layered Structural Co-Based MOF with Conductive Network Frames as a New Supercapacitor Electrode

Layered Structural Co‐Based MOF with Conductive Network Frames as a New Supercapacitor Electrode

Super MOF: A layer-structured Co-MOF (MOF=metal–organic framework) with conductive network frames (see figure) was used as electrode material for a supercapacitor and exhibited a large specific capacitance of 2564 F g−1 at a current density of 1 Ag−1.

[Full Paper]
Jie Yang, Zhihua Ma, Weixue Gao, Mingdeng Wei
Chem. Eur. J., December 05, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201604071. Read article

Three-Dimensional Hierarchically Mesoporous ZnCo2O4 Nanowires Grown on Graphene/Sponge Foam for High-Performance, Flexible, All-Solid-State Supercapacitors

Three‐Dimensional Hierarchically Mesoporous ZnCo2O4 Nanowires Grown on Graphene/Sponge Foam for High‐Performance, Flexible, All‐Solid‐State Supercapacitors

Soaking up capacity: Flexible ZnCo2O4 nanowire arrays on graphene/sponge foam are prepared by a hydrothermal reaction and thermal annealing. The resulting ZnCo2O4/rGO/sponge composite exhibits a high specific capacitance and cycling stability with 93.4 % capacitance retention after 5000 cycles in an all-solid-state supercapacitor device (see figure).

[Full Paper]
In Kyu Moon, Seonno Yoon, Jungwoo Oh
Chem. Eur. J., December 05, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201602447. Read article

Anodized Aluminum Oxide-Templated Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks Used as Membrane Reactors

Anodized Aluminum Oxide‐Templated Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks Used as Membrane Reactors

A MOF reactor: A general, facile, and robust approach is presented for the preparation of MOF-based composite membranes through the in situ growth of MOF plates in the channels of anodized aluminum oxide membranes. The MOF-based composite membranes were used as membrane catalysis reactors, and showed excellent catalytic performance and stability in the Knoevenagel condensation.

[Communication]
Yifu Yu, Xue-Jun Wu, Meiting Zhao, Qinglang Ma, Junze Chen, Bo Chen, Melinda Sindoro, Jian Yang, Shikui Han, Qipeng Lu, Hua Zhang
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., December 05, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201610291. Read article

Metal-Organic Frameworks for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Methane Storage

Metal‐Organic Frameworks for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Methane Storage

Recent development of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for CO2 capture and CH4 storage is reviewed. Strategies being used to improve CO2 adsorption uptake at low pressures or CH4 storage capacity of MOFs are highlighted, and the advantages and disadvantages of each strategy are discussed. Finally, some outlooks are presented for future research.

[Review]
Yichao Lin, Chunglong Kong, Qiuju Zhang, Liang Chen
Adv. Energy Mater., December 05, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201601296. Read article

Significantly Improved Electrocatalytic Activity of Copper-Based Structures that Evolve from a Metal-Organic Framework Induced by Cathodization Treatment

Significantly Improved Electrocatalytic Activity of Copper‐Based Structures that Evolve from a Metal‐Organic Framework Induced by Cathodization Treatment

Tough love: With a facile yet efficient cathodization treatment, copper-based structures deriving from the controllable evolution of a Cu-MOF are harvested. The structures exhibit remarkably enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward glucose electro-oxidation.

[Communication]
Libo Shi, Xiangheng Niu, Hongli Zhao, Minbo Lan
ChemElectroChem, December 01, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600625. Read article

The PLA/ZIF-8 Nanocomposite Membranes: The Diameter and Surface Roughness Adjustment by ZIF-8 Nanoparticles, High Wettability, Improved Mechanical Property, and Efficient Oil/Water Separation

The PLA/ZIF‐8 Nanocomposite Membranes: The Diameter and Surface Roughness Adjustment by ZIF‐8 Nanoparticles, High Wettability, Improved Mechanical Property, and Efficient Oil/Water Separation

The nanoparticles of ZIF-8 are incorporated into the poly(lactic acid) (PLA) to prepare the nanocomposite electrospun membrane. The diameter and the surface roughness of the fibers can be successfully controlled by the ZIF-8 nanoparticles. The PLA/ZIF-8 membranes are proved to be good candidate for oil/water separation with high efficiency.

[Full Paper]
Xiu Dai, Yu Cao, Xiaowei Shi, Xinlong Wang
Adv. Mater. Interfaces, November 30, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/admi.201600725. Read article

Reactivity Studies of Metal–Organic Frameworks under Vapor-Assisted Aging: Structural Interconversions and Transformations

Reactivity Studies of Metal–Organic Frameworks under Vapor‐Assisted Aging: Structural Interconversions and Transformations

Structural interconversion and transformation made easy: metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are surprisingly reactive under vapor-assisted aging (VAG) at room temperature and can undergo various rearrangements.

[Full Paper]
Panjuan Tang, Chunmei Jia, Yujie Jiang, Wei Gong, Xiaocong Cao, Junyi Yang, Wenbing Yuan
Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., November 29, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201600907. Read article

Adsorption and Reactive Desorption on Metal–Organic Frameworks: A Direct Strategy for Lactic Acid Recovery

Adsorption and Reactive Desorption on Metal–Organic Frameworks: A Direct Strategy for Lactic Acid Recovery

MOFs to the rescue: The current fermentative production of biomass-derived lactic acid requires a tedious, non-sustainable, multi-step separation process. The adsorption and desorption of lactic acid on high-affinity porous crystalline metal–organic frameworks opens a direct and gypsum-waste-free alternative recovery route.

[Full Paper]
Timothée Stassin, Helge Reinsch, Ben Van de Voorde, Stefan Wuttke, Dana D. Medina, Norbert Stock, Thomas Bein, Rob Ameloot, Dirk De Vos
ChemSusChem, November 29, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201601000. Read article

Structural Diversity of Three Pyrazoyl–Carboxyl Bifunctional Ligand-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks: Luminescence and Magnetic Properties

Structural Diversity of Three Pyrazoyl–Carboxyl Bifunctional Ligand‐Based Metal–Organic Frameworks: Luminescence and Magnetic Properties

Two in one: Three MOFs have been synthesized from the same bifunctional pyrazoyl–carboxyl ligand. Complexes 1 (see figure) and 3 contain dinuclear clusters and reveal a gis zeolite 3D net and a 2D structure, respectively. Complex 3 shows red luminescence as a result of energy transfer from the organic ligand to the EuIII ion. Complex 2 reveals a rare (3,8)-connected tfz-d; UO3 net with an unusual Mn4(COO)6 cluster and shows antiferromagnetic properties.

[Full Paper]
Gao-Peng Li, Hong-Yun Yang, Yong-Zhi Li, Lei Hou, Bin Liu, Yao-Yu Wang
ChemPlusChem, November 29, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201600521. Read article

Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose Derived Oxygen-Rich Porous Carbon Anodes for High-Performance Lithium/Sodium-Ion Batteries

Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose Derived Oxygen‐Rich Porous Carbon Anodes for High‐Performance Lithium/Sodium‐Ion Batteries

Dual anode applications! Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is used as an oxygen-containing carbon precursor to prepare oxygen-rich porous carbon (OPC) in a silica-template process (see the figure for an SEM image of OPC). The obtained OPC possesses a high O content of 8.63 wt % and a porous structure, and exhibits excellent lithium and sodium anodic performance.

[Article]
Yongzhi Zhang, Yan Meng, Yujue Wang, Li Chen, Yong Guo, Dan Xiao
ChemElectroChem, November 29, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600577. Read article

Biogas Reforming for Hydrogen Production: A New Path to High-Performance Nickel Catalysts Supported on Magnesium Aluminate Spinel

Biogas Reforming for Hydrogen Production: A New Path to High‐Performance Nickel Catalysts Supported on Magnesium Aluminate Spinel

Gel well: Highly dispersed Ni nanoparticles supported on high-surface-area mesoporous nanocrystalline MgAl2O4 powder are generated by a facile and simple propylene oxide assisted gelation agent route.

[Full Paper]
Narges Habibi, Yuan Wang, Hamidreza Arandiyan, Mehran Rezaei
ChemCatChem, November 29, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201601084. Read article

Assembling Polyoxo-Titanium Clusters and CdS Nanoparticles to a Porous Matrix for Efficient and Tunable H2-Evolution Activities with Visible Light

Assembling Polyoxo‐Titanium Clusters and CdS Nanoparticles to a Porous Matrix for Efficient and Tunable H2‐Evolution Activities with Visible Light

Polyoxo-titanium clusters (PTCs) are applied to construct highly efficient ternary PTC/CdS/MIL-101 visible-light-range H2-evolution photocatalysts. The application of PTCs not only increases the photocatalytic activities but also provides a molecular tool to tune them.

[Communication]
Zhiqiang Jiang, Jinxiu Liu, Meiyan Gao, Xi Fan, Lei Zhang, Jian Zhang
Adv. Mater., November 29, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201603369. Read article

Immobilization of Redox Enzymes on Nanoporous Gold Electrodes: Applications in Biofuel Cells

Immobilization of Redox Enzymes on Nanoporous Gold Electrodes: Applications in Biofuel Cells

Enzymatic fuel cells: Nanoporous gold (NPG) electrodes with tunable pore size from 5 to 60 nm were prepared and utilized for the immobilization of bilirubin oxidase (BOx) and glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) for use in biofuel cells. The devices with NPG-confined enzymes show high power outputs and enhanced long-term operation and storage stability, an improvement associated with the physical confinement of the enzyme within the porous network (see figure).

[Full Paper]
Till Siepenkoetter, Urszula Salaj-Kosla, Xinxin Xiao, Peter Ó Conghaile, Marcos Pita, Roland Ludwig, Edmond Magner
ChemPlusChem, November 25, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201600455. Read article

A Cooperative Copper Metal–Organic Framework-Hydrogel System Improves Wound Healing in Diabetes

A Cooperative Copper Metal–Organic Framework‐Hydrogel System Improves Wound Healing in Diabetes

A copper ion-eluting thermoresponsive antioxidant hydrogel consisting of metal organic framework (HKUST-1) nanoparticles and poly(polyethylene glycol citrate-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) is prepared and characterized (H-HKUST-1). H-HKUST-1 exhibits significantly reduced cytotoxicity and promotes the migration of dermal cells in vitro. In vivo, H-HKUST-1 promotes improved dermal wound closure rates in diabetic mice.

[Full Paper]
Jisheng Xiao, Siyu Chen, Ji Yi, Hao F. Zhang, Guillermo A. Ameer
Adv. Funct. Mater., November 23, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604872. Read article

Zinc(II) and Copper(II) Metal–Organic Frameworks Constructed from a Terphenyl-4,4′′-dicarboxylic Acid Derivative: Synthesis, Structure, and Catalytic Application in the Cyanosilylation of Aldehydes

Zinc(II) and Copper(II) Metal–Organic Frameworks Constructed from a Terphenyl‐4,4′′‐dicarboxylic Acid Derivative: Synthesis, Structure, and Catalytic Application in the Cyanosilylation of Aldehydes

Metal–organic frameworks of ZnII and CuII act as recyclable heterogeneous catalysts for the cyanosilylation of aldehydes at room temperature.

[Full Paper]
Anirban Karmakar, Anup Paul, Guilherme M. D. M. Rúbio, M. Fátima C. Guedes da Silva, Armando J. L. Pombeiro
Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., November 22, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201600902. Read article

Scalable Synthesis of Acidic Mesostructured Silica–Carbon Nanocomposite Catalysts by Rotary Evaporation

Scalable Synthesis of Acidic Mesostructured Silica–Carbon Nanocomposite Catalysts by Rotary Evaporation

Vaporized: Despite the beauty of mesostructured carbon–silica composites, classic evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) methods are unable to produce such materials in mass amounts for commercial use. A facile rotary evaporation variant (i.e., ROT-EISA) is therefore proposed to overcome the mass production issue. The carbon–silicate powders are used in the acid-catalyzed conversion of biomass.

[Communication]
Ruyi Zhong, Li Peng, Remus Ion Iacobescu, Yiannis Pontikes, Riyang Shu, Longlong Ma, Bert F. Sels
ChemCatChem, November 16, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201600939. Read article

Supramolecular Open-Framework of a Bipyridinium-Carboxylate Based Copper Complex with High and Reversible Water Uptake

Supramolecular Open‐Framework of a Bipyridinium‐Carboxylate Based Copper Complex with High and Reversible Water Uptake

[Article]
Maxime Leroux, Guy Weber, Jean-Pierre Bellat, Igor Bezverkhyy, Nicolas Mercier
Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., November 15, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/zaac.201600281. Read article

Validating Metal-Organic Framework Nanoparticles for Their Nanosafety in Diverse Biomedical Applications

Validating Metal‐Organic Framework Nanoparticles for Their Nanosafety in Diverse Biomedical Applications

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a promising platform for the synthesis of porous nanoparticles for diverse medical applications. The aim of this study is to comprehensively investigate the nanosafety of different MOF nanoparticles for distinct fields of medical applications. Data presented here suggest the need to evaluate the nanosafety of each MOF nanomaterial with respect to their particular medical application.

[Full Paper]
Stefan Wuttke, Andreas Zimpel, Thomas Bein, Simone Braig, Katharina Stoiber, Angelika Vollmar, Dominik Müller, Kirsten Haastert-Talini, Jörn Schaeske, Meike Stiesch, Gesa Zahn, Alexander Mohmeyer, Peter Behrens, Oliver Eickelberg, Deniz A. Bölükbas, Silke Meiners
Adv. Healthcare Mater., November 15, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201600818. Read article

Crystal Engineering of a Two-Dimensional Lead-Free Perovskite with Functional Organic Cations by Second-Sphere Coordination

Crystal Engineering of a Two‐Dimensional Lead‐Free Perovskite with Functional Organic Cations by Second‐Sphere Coordination

Functional cations: A new two-dimensional Cu perovskite containing an optoelectronically active organic cation (orange in the figure) has been synthesized using second-sphere coordination interactions. The material shows near-UV/blue photoluminescence and is stable for months under ambient conditions.

[Communication]
Daniele Cortecchia, Cesare Soci, Massimo Cametti, Annamaria Petrozza, Javier Martí-Rujas
ChemPlusChem, November 10, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201600477. Read article

Direct Synthesis of an Iridium(III) Bipyridine Metal–Organic Framework as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation

Direct Synthesis of an Iridium(III) Bipyridine Metal–Organic Framework as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation

Framework for success: A selective, stable, and reusable catalyst is prepared for the aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol.

[Full Paper]
Sara Abednatanzi, Parviz Gohari Derakhshandeh, Alireza Abbasi, Pascal Van Der Voort, Karen Leus
ChemCatChem, November 10, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201600985. Read article

Multiscale Computational Study on the Adsorption and Separation of CO2/CH4 and CO2/H2 on Li+-Doped Mixed-Ligand Metal–Organic Framework Zn2(NDC)2(diPyNI)

Multiscale Computational Study on the Adsorption and Separation of CO2/CH4 and CO2/H2 on Li+‐Doped Mixed‐Ligand Metal–Organic Framework Zn2(NDC)2(diPyNI)

Prime location for adsorption: The Li+-doped metal–organic framework Zn2(NDC)2(diPyNI) (NDC=2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate; diPyNI=N,N′-di-(4-pyridyl)-1,4,5,8-naphthalenetetracarboxydiimide; see figure) can be used to selectively adsorb CO2. The position of adsorption of CO2 molecules is simulated and discussed herein.

[Article]
Vahid Sokhanvaran, Saeid Yeganegi
ChemPhysChem, November 03, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201601004. Read article

Periodic Mesoporous Organosilica with a Basic Urea-Derived Framework for Enhanced Carbon Dioxide Capture and Conversion Under Mild Conditions

Periodic Mesoporous Organosilica with a Basic Urea‐Derived Framework for Enhanced Carbon Dioxide Capture and Conversion Under Mild Conditions

CO2 to carbonates: We prepared new periodic mesoporous organosilica with a basic urea-derived framework that exhibited an enhanced CO2 capture capacity at low pressure and an exceptional catalytic activity for the selective coupling of CO2 and epoxides into cyclic carbonates under mild, solventless, and transition-metal-free conditions.

[Full Paper]
Mengshuai Liu, Xingyuan Lu, Lei Shi, Fangxiao Wang, Jianmin Sun
ChemSusChem, October 31, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201600973. Read article

Mesoporous Assembled Mn3O4 Nanoparticle Networks as Efficient Catalysts for Selective Oxidation of Alkenes and Aryl Alkanes

Mesoporous Assembled Mn3O4 Nanoparticle Networks as Efficient Catalysts for Selective Oxidation of Alkenes and Aryl Alkanes

Effective networking: Mesoporous networks of crosslinked 6–7 nm Mn3O4 nanoparticles with large internal surface area and uniform pores were successfully prepared by using a polymer-assisted aggregating self-assembly method. These assembled Mn3O4 networks demonstrate great potential for application in catalytic oxidation of various aromatic and cyclic alkenes as well as aryl alkanes with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (see figure).

[Full Paper]
Euaggelia Skliri, Stelios Papadogiorgakis, Ioannis N. Lykakis, Gerasimos S. Armatas
ChemPlusChem, October 31, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201600460. Read article

Metal–Organic Framework Derived Carbon Nanotube Grafted Cobalt/Carbon Polyhedra Grown on Nickel Foam: An Efficient 3D Electrode for Full Water Splitting

Metal–Organic Framework Derived Carbon Nanotube Grafted Cobalt/Carbon Polyhedra Grown on Nickel Foam: An Efficient 3D Electrode for Full Water Splitting

Foams for gas evolution: Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube (CNT)-grafted cobalt/carbon polyhedra films grown on nickel foam serve as a highly active binder-free electrocatalyst for both the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER).

[Article]
Arshad Aijaz, Justus Masa, Christoph Rösler, Wei Xia, Philipp Weide, Roland A. Fischer, Wolfgang Schuhmann, Martin Muhler
ChemElectroChem, October 31, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600452. Read article

Fine-Tuning the Acid–Base Properties of Boron-Doped Magnesium Oxide Catalyst for the Selective Aldol Condensation

Fine‐Tuning the Acid–Base Properties of Boron‐Doped Magnesium Oxide Catalyst for the Selective Aldol Condensation

Optimum doping for optimum properties: By exploiting the differences in melting points between metal oxide (MgO) and dopant (B), a hierarchical B–MgO mixed oxide catalyst was prepared with tailored chemical structure. In the aldol condensation of acetaldehyde to crotyl alcohol the catalyst exhibits an order of magnitude higher productivity of C4 products than conventional MgO or B–MgO.

[Full Paper]
Tu N. Pham, Lu Zhang, Dachuan Shi, Mallik R. Komarneni, Maria P. Ruiz, Daniel E. Resasco, Jimmy Faria
ChemCatChem, October 31, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201600953. Read article

3D Metal Carbide@Mesoporous Carbon Hybrid Architecture as a New Polysulfide Reservoir for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

3D Metal Carbide@Mesoporous Carbon Hybrid Architecture as a New Polysulfide Reservoir for Lithium‐Sulfur Batteries

Metal carbide@mesoporous carbon hybrid architecture (Ti3C2Tx@Meso-C) with a hierarchical architecture provides new strategies to suppress the shuttle effect of polysulfides for lithium sulfur batteries via inherently active 2D functional surfaces to chemically bond intermediate polysulfides. Ti3C2Tx@Meso-C/S cathode demonstrates an enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-sulfur batteries, including a high specific capacity, good rate performance, and excellent cycling stability.

[Full Paper]
Weizhai Bao, Dawei Su, Wenxue Zhang, Xin Guo, Guoxiu Wang
Adv. Funct. Mater., October 31, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603704. Read article

Photocatalytic Decontamination of Wastewater Containing Organic Dyes by Metal–Organic Frameworks and their Derivatives

Photocatalytic Decontamination of Wastewater Containing Organic Dyes by Metal–Organic Frameworks and their Derivatives

Photocatalytic decolorization of wastewater: Photoactive metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) provide an advanced platform to develop catalysts for the photocatalytic decolorization of wastewater. Recently, there have been significant advances in diverse MOFs-based composites and their derivatives for dye degradation. This review aims to discuss the latest developments and the various influencing factors, the reaction kinetics, and mechanisms of dye degradation, considering the period from 2014 to 2016.

[Minireview]
Zhibin Wu, Xingzhong Yuan, Jin Zhang, Hou Wang, Longbo Jiang, Guangming Zeng
ChemCatChem, October 27, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201600808. Read article

Crystalline, highly oriented MOF thin film: the fabrication and application

Crystalline, highly oriented MOF thin film: the fabrication and application

Crystalline, highly oriented Metal-organic framework (MOF) thin films suggest intriguing possibilities as gas separator, catalysis, proton conduction, photovoltaic device and so on. The current review illustrates some fabrication methods and brings some updated applications of oriented MOF thin films. It is understatement to predict that the highly ordered MOF films will have a promising future for the MOF-based devices.

[Personal Account]
Zhihua Fu, Gang Xu
Chem. Rec., October 24, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/tcr.201600109. Read article

Superior Activity of Isomorphously Substituted MOFs with MIL-100(M=Al, Cr, Fe, In, Sc, V) Structure in the Prins Reaction: Impact of Metal Type

Superior Activity of Isomorphously Substituted MOFs with MIL‐100(M=Al, Cr, Fe, In, Sc, V) Structure in the Prins Reaction: Impact of Metal Type

Superior catalytic performance of MIL-100(V): The catalytic performance of the MIL-100(M) isostructural series (M=Al, Cr, Fe, In, Sc, V) has been investigated for the Prins condensation of β-pinene and paraformaldehyde to produce nopol (see figure). The catalytic activity of MIL-100(M) correlates linearly with the concentration of accessible Lewis acid sites. Its high activity, stability, and recyclability make MIL-100(V) a promising material for application in various heterogeneous catalytic processes.

[Full Paper]
Gema Gómez-Pozuelo, Carlos Palomino Cabello, Maksym Opanasenko, Michal Horáček, Jiří Čejka
ChemPlusChem, October 21, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201600456. Read article

Preparation of Enhanced-Performance LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries by using a Divalent Transition-Metal Phosphate as an Intermediate

Preparation of Enhanced‐Performance LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C Cathode Material for Lithium‐Ion Batteries by using a Divalent Transition‐Metal Phosphate as an Intermediate

Porous microsphere electrodes: Olivine-structured composite LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C, which consists of porous microspheres, is synthesized from a coprecipitated transition-metal phosphate as intermediate, followed by spray drying and annealing (see figure). It delivers enhanced electrochemical performance as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries.

[Article]
Jianlong Li, Yan Wang, Jinhua Wu, Hang Zhao, Hao Wu, Yun Zhang, Heng Liu
ChemElectroChem, October 21, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600467. Read article

Metal-Organic Frameworks for CO2 Chemical Transformations

Metal‐Organic Frameworks for CO2 Chemical Transformations

CO2 triggers a series of environmental and energy problems as the primary greenhouse gas in our daily life. MOFs (metal-organic frameworks) are applied as outstanding heterogeneous catalysts for CO2 chemical transformations. A systematic overview of the development of MOF-based catalysts for CO2 chemical transformations are reviewed, from the first example to the most recent publication.

[Review]
Hongming He, Jason A. Perman, Guangshan Zhu, Shengqian Ma
Small, October 20, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/smll.201602711. Read article

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy at Well-Controlled dc Bias for Nanoporous Platinum Microelectrodes in Rat Embryo Brain

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy at Well‐Controlled dc Bias for Nanoporous Platinum Microelectrodes in Rat Embryo Brain

Wired up: Nanoporous platinum with small and uniform nanopores, L2-ePt, is electrochemically investigated in rat embryo brain with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy at the dc bias, which is selected to minimize faradaic reactions. Use of a lower electrode impedance leads to less drop of potential at the interface between the electrode and extracellular solution.

[Article]
Beom Jin Kim, Yang-Rae Kim, Minjee Seo, Eun Joong Kim, Joohee Jeon, Taek Dong Chung
ChemElectroChem, October 12, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600404. Read article

Highly Crystalline Mesoporous Silicon Spheres for Efficient Visible Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

Highly Crystalline Mesoporous Silicon Spheres for Efficient Visible Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

Highly crystalline mesoporous silicon spheres are developed through a modified salt-assisted aerosol synthesis, and overcome the limitation of particulate silicon in photocatalytic H2 evolution. The developed silicon structures exhibit high efficiency in visible-light-driven H2 production from water, which can otherwise be virtually impossible to attain by counterpart materials.

[Communication]
Hongguang Song, Dong Liu, Jia Yang, Lei Wang, Hangxun Xu, Yujie Xiong
ChemNanoMat, August 24, 2016, DOI: 10.1002/cnma.201600203. Read article

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